TERMS: Eight are listed; six will be selected; five and only

TERMS: Eight are listed; six will be selected; five and only five must bedefined .First give a basic definition. Then explain why the term is important in one paragraph, which should include:• how it arose• what it brought about• its broader historical legacies• how it reflects the major concept(s) of a weekly class unit. 1) American System 2) Daniel Shays 3) Erie Canal 4) Hartford Convention5) Lowell System 6) Marbury v. Madison7) Ralph Waldo Emerson 8) William Lloyd Garrison ESSAYS: Answer two of the listed questions .For full credit, address every element of the prompt and explain and supporteach point with examples and details drawn from your textbook, primarysources, and/or lecture notes (there is no need to cite, however).Demonstrate your understanding, and do not list bullet points withoutexplanation. In terms of length, write about four to five paragraphs’ worth ofcontent—although the essay’s structure is up to you. Each essay should taketwenty to twenty-five minutes. 1) The Constitutional Convention met to address the weaknesses of theArticles of Confederation.A) Identify the major weaknesses of the Articles government. B) Describe the principles of federalism and separation of powers andhow they were reflected in the new government outlined by the Constitution. C) Explain how three large social groups failed to enjoy the “liberty” thathad been proclaimed in the Declaration of Independence 2) The ratification of the U.S. Constitution created a stronger nationalgovernment but did not end debate about that government’s proper role. A) Explain Alexander Hamilton’s Federalist vision for his country and hiseconomic program as Secretary of the Treasury. B) Outline Thomas Jefferson’s Republican response to Hamilton’s visionand program. C) Describe how Jefferson’s triumph in the Election of 1800 marks awatershed in American political history. 3) Andrew Jackson transformed U.S. national politics as well as theexecutive branch.A) Explain the political changes that predated his 1828 campaign andhelped make his election possible.B) What were President Jackson’s three chief political fights? Describethem, and explain how each illustrates his general governing philosophy. 4) Antebellum southern society cannot be uncoupled from the institutionof slavery. A) Explain the chief reasons why slavery survived after the War forIndependence and indeed expanded during the first half of the nineteenthcentury. B) Describe the major effects of this survival and expansion across theSouth. C) Outline the rich culture of African Americans under bondage.