Slavery and the Making of America DVD Volume 4 Describe the story of Robert Small’s escape from the Charleston Harbor?Why did black men sign up “in droves” to fight for the Union Army?Turn your attention back to the story of Robert Smalls return to his former home in the south. What happened in this next chapter in his life?Tell the story of the KKK in the video.Who were the “Red Shirts”? What were their actions during Reconstruction?What is the Compromise of 1877, and how did this affect African Americans? Robert Smalls was an African American who was enslaved during and after the Civil War of America, gained freedom and became the pilot of the ship, sea captain and hence a politician. He freed himself, his families and crew from the slavery on May 13, 1862, by the means of commandeering a confederate ship transport, in Charleston harbor, moving it from Confederate-controlled waters to the blockade of United States. His example and persuasion convinced President Lincoln to accept African-American soldiers into the United States Army and the United States Navy. The black men wanted to help free the slaves in the South as well as improving their chances of gaining equal rights in the American society by providing their patriotism and courage on the battlefield by joining the fight as soldiers for the Union Army However, the moment after the American Civil War, Robert Smalls returned to his home state, South Carolina and became a politician. He won the elections as the Republican to the South Carolina State legislature and the United States House of Representatives during the era of Reconstruction. Smalls thereafter founded the Republican Party of South Carolina. On the other hand, the organization Klu Klux Klan, KKK, was formed originally a white social club, but it quickly began threatening, harassing, and acting violently towards blacks and white reformists republicans also, they think they were above the other. in addition, The Ku Klux Klan, an illegal militia, terrorizes and kills freed slaves and Republican officials — President grant sends troops to suppress violence and protect black rights in the South. The ‘Red Shirts’ were white supremacist paramilitary groups of Southern United State that were active in the late 19th century in the final years and after the end of the era of reconstruction of the United States. The Red Shirt groups came from Mississippi, when Democratic Party private terror units adopted red shirts to make themselves more visible to the Southern Republicans, both the freedmen and white. Finally, The Compromise of 1877 was purported unwritten and informal deal that settled the disputed intensity in the year 1876 in United States presidential election. The Compromise of 1877 did not help the African Americans at all. Instead as it was agreed, it allowed Hayes to win the presidential election of 1877. It did eventually have one democratic president elected (Cleveland) between the years 1865 and 1912.